1024px-TownsendMontana

History

Lewis and Clark passed through on the voyage of discovery in 1805, although the first white settlers, homesteaders and Civil War veterans in search of gold, did not arrive until the late 1860s. In 1883, a railstop was established as businesses became established supporting gold mining in the region. Townsend was named by railroad officials, in honor of the wife of Charles Barstow Wright, president of the Northern Pacific (1875–1879).

Geography

Townsend is located at 46°19′13″N 111°31′4″W (46.320218, -111.517642).

Situated at approximately 3800 feet above sea level. Located approximately 35 miles from Helena, the state capital and 35 miles from the convergence of the Jefferson, Madison, and Gallatin rivers which form the headwaters of the Missouri River. Nicknamed “the first city on the Missouri River”, Townsend sits nearby the southern tip of Canyon Ferry Lake (a part of, and fed by, the Missouri River) a popular recreation destination and Montana’s third largest body of water.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.59 square miles (4.12 km2), of which 1.58 square miles (4.09 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.

Townsend experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cold, dry winters and hot, wetter summers.

[hide]Climate data for Townsend, Montana

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Record high °F (°C)

64

(18)

72

(22)

77

(25)

88

(31)

94

(34)

100

(38)

101

(38)

105

(41)

99

(37)

89

(32)

73

(23)

67

(19)

105

(41)

Average high °F (°C)

34.5

(1.4)

41.1

(5.1)

50.3

(10.2)

59.9

(15.5)

68.2

(20.1)

75.8

(24.3)

82.5

(28.1)

82.4

(28)

72.4

(22.4)

61.0

(16.1)

44.7

(7.1)

35.6

(2)

59.03

(15.03)

Daily mean °F (°C)

23.6

(−4.7)

29.0

(−1.7)

37.3

(2.9)

45.6

(7.6)

53.8

(12.1)

61.2

(16.2)

66.7

(19.3)

65.7

(18.7)

56.3

(13.5)

46.4

(8)

33.5

(0.8)

24.7

(−4.1)

45.32

(7.38)

Average low °F (°C)

12.6

(−10.8)

16.9

(−8.4)

24.3

(−4.3)

31.3

(−0.4)

39.3

(4.1)

46.6

(8.1)

50.8

(10.4)

49.0

(9.4)

40.2

(4.6)

31.7

(−0.2)

22.2

(−5.4)

13.7

(−10.2)

31.55

(−0.26)

Record low °F (°C)

−39

(−39)

−38

(−39)

−26

(−32)

6

(−14)

13

(−11)

19

(−7)

34

(1)

25

(−4)

12

(−11)

−11

(−24)

−29

(−34)

−37

(−38)

−39

(−39)

Average precipitation inches (mm)

0.35

(8.9)

0.23

(5.8)

0.54

(13.7)

0.71

(18)

1.73

(43.9)

2.03

(51.6)

1.36

(34.5)

1.36

(34.5)

1.01

(25.7)

0.60

(15.2)

0.40

(10.2)

0.35

(8.9)

10.67

(270.9)

Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000) [11]

Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records) [12]